Overview/History of Chattanooga, TN
Chattanooga was not called so in the beginning. It was formerly known as Ross’ Landing, a place that developed from the community and business that was built by the Chief of Cherokee Nation, John Ross. Experts have found and analyzed many things discovered on this ancient land, and there is evidence that various tribes had occupied this city as far back as 50,000 years ago!
Chattanooga is a city vibrant with history and past from the Cherokee nations and Amercian Civil War.
Ross Land and Trail of Tears
The first Cherokee occupation dates back to 1776. A man known as Dragging Canoe separated himself from the main tribe to establish a resistance to the settlement of foreigners on American soil. Ross Landing was built 30 years later in 1816.
This beautiful city was once the start of the sorrows and wails of the Cherokee Nation. More than 15,000 natives were forced to move out of the area they had lived in for a long time to an area called Indian Territory. Many were killed in the process. Over 4,000 Cherokees, died in less than 20 years during the period of the Trail of Tears.
In 1839, the city known as Chattanooga was founded. The word ‘chatta’ is a Muskogean word that means ‘rock’ while ‘nooga’ means ‘a dwelling place.’ So, Chattanooga may mean “rock coming to a point.” Today, a memorialization of Trail of Tears can be found in forms of monuments and water steps around the Downtown area of Chattanooga.
10 years after the relocation to Indian Territory, the Railroad project began, expanding to Chattanooga and tremendously improved the economy. It became a boomtown “where cotton meets corn” because it’s on the boundary between the mountain communities and southern cotton-growing states.
The location soon became a raging battlefield as it was a strategic river commerce location. Battle of Chickamauga, Battles for Chattanooga, Battle of Lookout Mountain and Battle of Missionary Ridge took place here. The Union retreated on 1866 and business began to pick up again as Chattanooga became an important transport hub and business center for the country.
1867 became a year to remember when the highest flood ever recorded overwhelmed the city. Water rose to a record high of 58 feet, and almost nothing escaped the flood as torrential rain poured down for 4 days.
Chattanooga has many sources of revenue, mostly revolving around manufacturing and services industry. Tourism is a steadily growing sector with more than $1 billion in revenue being realized each year. Many startups got their beginnings here, such as the first two Dairy Queen Grill and Chill restaurants. Coca-Cola’s first bottling plant was also built in Chattanooga, TN.
Much of their tourism income comes from their historical sites that still bears items, carvings, marks, and leftovers of the battles and tears of both Americans and Cherokees. The town today has EPB public fiber-optic services that helped in the expansion of many companies.
Many tourism attractions invite people to go back in time and feel what it was like to be in Ross’ Landing. You can also enjoy the Golden Years of railroad expansion, by riding the train and traveling around the Lookout Mountain Incline Railway. Or maybe spend a night in former train cars at Chattanooga Choo Choo Hotel.